GRADE Policy Briefs

Harm done TO countries

How do you define “harm done to countries”?

We define ‘harm done to countries’ as the impact on the determinants of health resulting from reduced government revenues due to tax abuses.

Reduced government revenue means less spending on public services and the determinants of health or fundamental economic and social rights.

Here we use the State of Tax Justice Annual 2020 report.


Tax Models for Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Nepal, Senegal, Uganda and Zambia